Hwa Rang 화랑:
(29 moves, right foot returns)
Hwa Rang is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon-Do developed into maturity.
Hyun Sil 현실:
(50 moves, left foot returns)
Hyun Sil means "Actualization." Actualization is to take the first step and enter into the process of the work and reward system. The development of a strong work ethic is the most important element in this philosophy. Even the most average of people can achieve excellence with a positive work habit.
Choong Moo 충무:
(30 moves, left foot returns)
Choong Moo was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armored battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine. The reason this pattern ends with a left hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death, having no chance to show his unrestrained potential, checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the king.
Joong Gun 중근:
(32 moves, left foot returns)
Joong Gun is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr. Ahn's age when he was executed at Lui-Shung prison (1910).
Yong Gom 영감:
(40 moves, left foot returns)
Yong Gom means "Inspiration." With goals firmly in mind, the students must also learn to selfinspire themselves into action, as they develop a sense of self-worth. Without this, they may never strive for success as they may feel that they do not deserve the rewards that accompany achievement.
(37 moves, right foot returns)
Toi Gye is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on the 37th degree latitude, the diagram represents "scholar."
Won Hyo 원효:
(28 moves, right foot returns)
Won Hyo was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year 686 AD
Yul Gok 율곡:
(38 moves, left foot returns)
Yul Gok is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yi-I (1536-1584), nicknamed the "Confucius of Korea." The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on the 38th degree latitude and the diagram ( + ) represents scholar.
Dan Gun 단군:
(21 moves, left foot returns)
Dan Gun is named after the holy Dan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year 2333 BC.
Do San 도산:
(24 moves, right foot returns)
Do San is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938). The 24 movements represent his entire life which he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement.